ServSafe Manager Study Guide

ServSafe Manager Study Guide

In this article, we will provide you with the most updated information about the ServSafe manager study guide. Let's get started!

January 1, 2022

ServSafe manager certification is important for individuals who want to be promoted in their food service careers. So, how should the ServSafe test-takers need to study for achieving high outcomes? Let’s follow this article for more beneficial information about the ServSafe manager study guide.

General Information

The ServSafe Manager certification is a mandatory certification for individuals who want to rise to a management position in the foodservice industry. It is not merely a test of your basic knowledge related to the food service industry but also helps to assess your understanding of food safety, such as preventing diseases related to eating. The Manager material will have effective materials for study and exam preparation, especially when viewing the study guide and practicing questions for the ServSafe Food Manager test.

The test consists of 90 questions in total and the candidate will only be allowed to complete them all within a limited time. Therefore, you need to know that the concepts in the test will be more advanced and more difficult than those that are given on the food handler test as well as you should be aware that the ServSafe Manager study guide will be beneficial for your preparation process for this test. Let’s ensure that you’ve already accessed our ServSafe Manager practical questions as well as ServSafe Manager flashcards for associated topics to complete all of them for your upcoming test.

ServSafe Manager Study Guide
ServSafe Manager Study Guide


The Provision of Safe Food

One of the most important responsibilities of the Food ServSafe Manager is to understand how to prevent the potential spread of pathogens while performing food services. This may include knowing how to handle incoming ingredients, prepare ingredients, and cook food to ensure it is safe for customers.

The Certified Food Protection Manager

During the process in which nourishments are dealt with, arranged, or cooked inaccurately, harmful pathogens might develop into a foodborne sickness episode. A Certified Food Protection Manager needs to know exactly how to avoid this at each level of the food operation, from getting nourishments and putting away them legitimately, to dealing with nourishments securely and cooking them accurately. The Certified Food Protection Manager will be responsible to prepare and work nearby nourishment handlers to guarantee clients and the office are continuously secure.

Foodborne Illnesses

Deeply understanding foodborne ailments as well as the inconvenient and negative impact they have on trade is of the most extreme significance. It’s the responsibility of the Certified Food Protection Manager to guarantee the nourishment benefit foundation, its representatives, and those being served are continuously secure from the foodborne ailment. The serious foodborne ailment may result in an episode that might cause a harmed notoriety and monetary loss for the organization or restaurant.

Risky Foods

Although in fact, any nourishment can get to be hazardous or contaminated, there are two most significant sorts of supplements that are the foremost likely to be hazardous. They are ready-to-eat (RTE) food and TCS food.

Vulnerable Customers

The elderly and children are two subjects susceptible to bacterial infection from poor quality food. This is because they have a relatively weak immune system and cannot fight off the disease-causing viruses contained in poor-quality food. In addition, some subjects with a weak immune system (people with serious illnesses or undergoing treatment…) also need to limit the use of foods with a high risk of disease.

>>> Read More: Servsafe Food Handler Study Guide

Preventing the Foodborne-related Illnesses

Having deep knowledge of the way nourishments have gotten to be risky leads to keeping them secure in your foundation. The significance of requesting your nourishment from trusted sources, taking after time and temperature rules, maintaining a strategic distance from cross-contamination, being sterile, and cleaning and sanitizing legitimately are key factors and should be highlighted as zones your employees are anticipated to get it and understand.

Staff Supervision

In addition, to deeply understand the safety process, the supervisor must guarantee each staff member, moreover, recognize and honors them as their key responsibility when working in the facilities/business. This integrated training everybody on common nourishment security, as well as giving job-specific preparation to others (such as cooking certain nourishments to particular temperatures.) Staff also need to be checked and retrained when required and remedial activity should be taken in case a process can’t be taken after.

Regulatory Agencies

Government agencies and also local agencies (including state and federal agencies) need to be strongly aware of the importance of food safety as well as enacting strict laws and regulations in terms of food safety. Regular inspection of foodservice businesses according to standardized procedures is also an effective method to prevent the circulation of poor-quality food.


The FDA (which stands for The Food and Drug Administration) assesses all nourishment apart from meat, poultry, and several other types of food. They direct the transportation of nourishment over state lines. The FDA made the Nourishment Code, which incorporates science-based suggestions on nourishing security in eateries, retail nourishing stores, institutions, and even several other care offices, and hospitals. The FDA presently requires directors or managers of businesses/facilities to be certified in nourishing security. However, the FDA Food Code cannot be required in provinces, cities, or states along with the country.

Other associated agencies

There are several extra administrative offices. The U.S. Division of Farming (which is often called USDA) takes responsibility for keeping meat, poultry, and eggs secure in case those things are over state lines. The CDC (term stands for Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) proposes that requiring this exceptional certification in security brings down the chance of foodborne ailment episodes. There are also numerous provinces and state specialists. The PHS (which stands for the Public Health Services) also set and implement controls, type in codes, explore ailment complaints, issue grants, and licenses, favor development, survey and favor nourishing security plans, and review foodservice foundations.

Food Contamination

Food Contamination

The most essential responsibility of the manager is to avoid foodborne ailment, which happens when nourishing gets to be sullied by contaminants. Contaminants can be organic, chemical, or physical.

The Contamination Process

Most defilement happens incidentally, but sometimes, the contamination can happen because of the intention of someone. Supervisors must be mindful of contaminants and the ways they come in contact with nourishment. Defilement can come from: the sort of nourishment being utilized, water, discussion, soil, utilized close nourishment, a debilitated or unhygienic worker, brothers, etc. Directors must be mindful of all sorts of defilement and the potential sources.

Types of Contaminants

Until now, there is no doubt that almost all contamination spreads to nourishing through the careless nourishing handler, whether by cross-contamination with surfaces or devices or not washing hands after the restroom and causing fecal-oral course defilement (feces remaining on fingers and passing to nourishments). Using a cleaner too near to nourishing or taking off bones in an angle filet moreover causes defilement. Understanding all categories of contaminants as well as their sources should be the main responsibility of managers. They include biological contaminants, chemical contaminants, and physical contaminants.

Deliberate Food Contamination

Inadvertent contamination is exceptionally popular, but avoiding purposive contamination is additionally the obligation of the managers. Somebody may attempt to alter with nourishment utilizing any of the three sorts of defilement specified above at any point within the nourishment supply chain.

Food suppliers

Psychological terrorists, activists, displeased staff, merchants, or competitors may attempt to alter with nourishment. Therefore, it is necessary for the manager to carefully check the sources of food before allowing staff to use them.

Prevention strategies

Making a nourishment defense program for your foundation will offer assistance to recognize each point where nourishment is at the chance of altering. The FDA made A.L.E.R.T. (which stands for 5 factors Guarantee, See, Workers, Reports, Danger) to assist directors to distinguish these nourishment chance focuses and make a defense arrangement for their business.

Taking Actions

Guarantee your nourishment comes from a secure, dependable, and affirmed source. Administer all conveyances from and to your facilities. Carefully check your facility’s security. In case there’s a risk, know exactly what to do and who to contact in case suspicious movement happens. Reallocate any suspicious items and contact your local administrative specialist.

Safe Food Handling

Foods are defenseless to defilement at different stages inside a food service foundation. Understanding secure dealing with phones keeps nourishments, staff, and customers secure.

The Importance of Food Handlers

Nourishment risk can happen because of the mistakes of people. A minor slip, such as touching the face, hair, or even scratching the skin before touching RTE nourishments, can be the main reason behind food contamination. Indeed, even the most responsible nourishment handlers can pass pathogens in case they aren’t taking after the right strategies. Supervisors ought to get it and recognize each way defilement might happen and prepare staff to anticipate it.

Hand Washing Process

Handwashing is the first and foremost critical step in avoiding pathogens. Directors ought to set up appropriate handwashing stations and never permit handwashing in other sinks. Appropriate hand washing ought to be an important portion of the cleanliness program. The whole preparation of washing hands ought to take at least approximately 30 seconds, incorporating the warm running water, a wealthy foam for around 10-15 seconds, a careful wash, and a single-use towel or hand dryer. Staff and even the directors of facilities ought to wash hands each time conceivable contamination happens when changing errands, and before you touch nourishment contact surfaces (table as an example).

Using Gloves

Gloves must never be utilized for the input of handwashing but can give an additional layer of assurance after washing and before the process of touching the crystal, plates, flatware, etc. Remember that the gloves must be worn when touching RTE nourishments, in case staff has wrong nails, or even in the case, a wound has been secured with a finger bunk or gauze. Gloves must be affirmed for food service, expendable, latex elective in the event that conceivable and ought to be given in different sizes. Gloves ought to be disposed of and changed once messy or torn, after intrusions, and after some hours of utilizing.

Personal Hygiene

Appropriate cleanliness takes responsibility for securing both customers and staff against the spread of pathogens. Your individual cleanliness program ought to incorporate showering before wearing a clean dress, covering facial hair, wearing negligible gems (as it was affirmed pieces), and a suitable apron. Staff is not allowed to eat, drink, or smoke during the process of planning or serving nourishment, working in nourishment prep ranges, or zones in which food or food-related items are washed.

Health-associated Policies and the Monitoring Staff

Your individual cleanliness arrangement ought to incorporate approaches to announcing ailment. Staff ought to sign explanations expressing they will report when they encounter indications to supply supervisors with composed proof of nourishment security preparing in case the administrative specialist inquires for verification. Signs can be posted on the importance and role of detailing ailment to administration.

The flow of Food Basics

The cycle of nourishments travel is also called the Flow of Food, and nourishments must be kept secure at each step. The whole process includes: obtaining, getting, putting away, arrangement, cooking, holding, cooling, warming, and serving.

Health-related Hazards

It is the responsibility of the directors or managers of facilities to screen nourishments during the flow of food and to know exactly how nourishments might end up hazardous at any step. For illustration, the cooler truck that conveyed your nourishment might not have been cold-sufficient. The director or manager needs to identify the signs of temperature manhandle at the getting step and dismiss risky nourishment. A server might come to work debilitated, gambling cross-contamination at the serving step. A certified chief needs to be deeply aware of these concepts.

Cross-Contamination among food

It is possible for the pathogens to be easily passed from staff to staff, or from food to surfaces, hardware, utensils, etc., and cross-contamination can happen at any step within the flow of nourishment. Directors must know exactly where and how cross-contamination can happen in this flow, and how to anticipate it to ensure the safety of food. 

The Control of Time-Temperature 

Time-temperature manhandle is often considered the main reason behind the spread of foodborne ailments. To anticipate time-temperature mishandling, nourishments must be cooked to the correct inside temperature, held at the correct temperature, and cooled or reheated in the most appropriate way.

Time and Temperature Monitoring

Time-temperature mishandling must be observed along the stream of nourishment to avoid hurtful pathogen development with the right thermometer for the work, and all information checked ought to be recorded carefully. 

Using the Thermometers effectively

The director or manager of the facility should be deeply aware of how to legitimately utilize the thermometers in their facility, as well as how to care for them by utilizing the rules and the manufacturer’s information.


Wash, flush, sanitize (with nourishment contact surface secure sanitizer), and try to dry all the thermometers before and after the process of utilizing, and remember to keep them in their capacity case.


Calibrate thermometers frequently when they have been: seriously dropped or bumped, uncovered to extraordinary temperature changes, some time recently conveyances, and sometime recently each move. A few types of thermometers are impossible to be calibrated in a small area and must be supplanted or sent to the producer for calibration. Continuously take after the manufacturer’s points of instruction for calibration.

You can calibrate by utilizing the boiling-point strategy by setting the thermometer in bubbling water and altering it to around 212°F, or by utilizing the ice-point strategy by putting it in ice water and altering it to approximately 32°F. The ice-point strategy is the quickest, least demanding, and most secure.


In the event that is utilized to screen nourishment, it is important that the thermometers are precise at approximately two degrees Fahrenheit or approximately one degree Celsius. Thermometers utilized to discuss temperature for nourishment capacity must be precise inside approximately three degrees Fahrenheit or approximately one and a half degrees Celsius.

Using process

Before the process of utilizing, washing, flushing, sanitizing, and discussing drying the thermometer, remember to embed the thermometer test into the thickest portion of nourishment when checking for inner temperature. Hold up for the perusing relentlessly for 15 seconds. Take a moment perusing in a diverse put to be beyond any doubt.

Visit our ServSafe Manager Practice Test and see the sample questions and answers for the exam.

The Purchase, Receipt, and Storage of Food

Food Purchasing

Buy nourishment from affirmed and dependable purveyors who’ve been assessed (containing cultivators, shippers, packers, producers, wholesalers, and markets). Be aware of your purveyor’s security strategies. Survey FDA review reports of the purveyor’s getting, capacity, handling, shipping, cleaning, sanitizing, staff cleanliness, preparing, review program, and nourishment security framework. Conveyances ought to arrive when staff has sufficient time to examine appropriately. 

Receiving Food

Prepare particular employees to get and review appropriately, utilizing thermometers, scales, and buy orders, and make beyond any doubt they’re showing when conveyances arrive. Reviews need to start promptly upon conveyance. Staff ought to note the signs of defilement and dismiss any issue bundles, tolerating as it were things at their rectified temperature. 

Key Drop Deliveries

Conveyances from trusted, endorsed providers may be gotten after hours. Items ought to be set in coolers and assigned capacity ranges, but continuously assess things another day for defilement. Moreover, affirm that things were put within the correct capacity area which you have obtained.

Food Rejection

A few things can be reconditioned for utilization, such as messy cans that can be cleaned and sanitized. But in case that’s not conceivable, the thing must be rejected. Set it aside and let the provider know precisely why it’s being rejected. Log the rejected thing on the receipt or accepting slip.

Food Storage

Appropriate capacity securely jam nourishment quality. Nourishments must be labeled, dated, and put away in a way that avoids cross-contamination among food and food-related items.

Food Labeling

Labeling nourishment is fundamental to security. Anything taken from its unique holder must be labeled with its common title or a clear and precise identifier, and be effectively perceivable by locating. 

Date Notation

TCS nourishments held more than 1 day must be labeled demonstrating when the nourishment must be sold, eaten, or tossed out. RTE TCS nourishments can as it was being put away for seven days, starting the day they’re arranged or opened. 

Food Preparation

ServSafe Manager Study Guide
ServSafe Manager Study Guide


Planning is the step within the flow of food in which time-temperature manhandle and cross-contamination among food and food-related items can effortlessly influence nourishment safety.

General Guidelines

Amid the process of the arrangement step, staff must begin with cleaned and sanitized gear, apparatuses, and surfaces to control cross-contamination, and be mindful of time-temperature abuse during this process.

  • Additives

In case utilizing nourishment or color added substances, as it was utilized, endorsed added substances. Never utilize more than what’s permitted by law, and never utilize them to alter a food’s appearance. 

  • Presentation

Never alter a food’s appearance, deceive, or mislead clients. Appearance, color, and quality ought to be genuine, and nourishment added substances, color added substances, colored wrapping, or lights shouldn’t be utilized to distort nourishment. 

Preparation of Specific Foods

  • Producing process

Never plan to deliver on or close surfaces utilized to get ready crude meat, fish, or poultry. Wash delivers in running water somewhat hotter than the creation, between take-off and ribs, and wash with ozone in the case allowed by your local administrative specialist.

  • Eggs preparation

Eggs after being broken into a large bowl must be cooked long after blending or put away at approximately 41°F or lower. Clean and sanitize the bowl of eggs after utilizing it for eggs or egg blends. Pasteurized eggs ought to be utilized in dishes that require no cooking, such as sauces, or mousse, and once you basically serve high-risk customers.

Facility Systems

Your restaurant/facility requires particular demands, so distinguishing the ways in which your gear, materials, utilities, etc. influence security and bother administration is critical for your food and ensure the safety of staff.

  • Ceilings, Walls, and Floors

These ought to be smooth and solid for ease of cleaning and must be routinely kept up. Supplant lost or broken ceiling or floor tiles and repair breaks and gaps in ceiling or dividers. Floors ought to have a fixed bent edge between them and the divider for the process of cleaning, and it ought to be stuck flush and firmly to the divider to restrain creepy crawlies and dampness. 

  • Equipment

Foodservice hardware that is used in the facility during the process of food preparation must meet particular measures and must be tough, harm resistant, and easy to be cleaned.

  • Facility System

The utilities of the facility or business should incorporate water systems, electrical systems, gas, and waste evacuation. Facility frameworks incorporate plumbing, lighting, and ventilation. Utilities and frameworks must work appropriately or they indeed change to a more noteworthy defilement.

Cleaning and Sanitization

  • Cleaning

Cleaning helps evacuate the food and soil and can be done utilizing cleansers, degreasers, delivers, or rough cleaners that must be non-corrosive and secure to utilize. Never utilize one cleaner rather than another unless they are utilized for the same reason.

  • Sanitizing

Sanitizing after the process of cleaning and washing helps decrease any remaining pathogens to secure levels. Anything utilized for nourishment, counting surfaces, must be sanitized after cleaning and washing. 

  • Other Cleaning Methods

Each business, restaurant, or facility of food needs an ace cleaning plan besides staff preparing and checking to see that it has been carried out viably. Numerous types of food service chemicals are adversely dangerous and may cause chemical defilement, so employees of the facility must be aware of how to utilize them securely.

In conclusion, this article has provided you with the most up-to-date information about the ServSafe manager study guide. We hope that this piece of knowledge can help you in the preparation process.

Visit our websites to get more information and free ServSafe practice test. Hope that our free ServSafe Study Guide 2021 helps you gain all the essential knowledge for your coming exam! To download, visit our website for your IOS or Android device.